Lori and George Schappell are the oldest living craniopagus (joined at the head)Â twins. Â The twin girls were born in 1961, and it was believed that they not only shared blood vessels in the brain, but also had a fused brain. Â They share the frontal lobe of the brain, and scientists wondered if they might share thoughts. Â A DiscoveryÂ Channel documentary (also available on Netflix) discussed many events of their livesÂ and learned (through a CT scan and MRI) that even though they shared brain matter, they did not share thoughts.
The documentary discussed theÂ agonizing decision that parents ofÂ conjoined twins must face: the decision whether they should try to separate the twins. Â Some parents choose to separate, while others choose to leave them the way they are born. Â Either way, physical impairments are common, and few live as independently as Lori and George.
Another set of twins were joined at the chest. Â Parents Kevin and Melissa Buckles decided to separate their daughters. Â Doctors knew surgery would be tricky because the girls shared a liver, and 60% of Erin’s heart was housed in Jade’s chest. Surgeons had to decide whether to cut a nerve connecting the two hearts. Â To their relief, once they severed the nerve, the hearts began beating independently. Â However, it appears that Erin suffered a stroke during surgery and is paralyzed from the waist down. Â Jade seems to be developing more normally.
In another case of craniopagus twins, Felicia Simms (the mother) chose to keep the twin girls together. Â Krista (the larger twin in the photo) suffered a seizure because she wasn’t getting enough blood to her brain. Â Tatiana is smaller and hasn’t grown as much as Krista. Â Most of the blood between the twins was being returned to Tatiana’s heart.
Getting back to Lori and George Schappell, they have their own problems. Â George was born with spina bifida, so she is unable to walk. Â But the two move around surprisingly well. Â George designed the bar stool that Lori pushes around. Â They are very intelligent. Â Both attended college, lived in the dorms, and George has designed medical equipment for others. Â George alsoÂ receivedÂ the Best New Country Artist Award when she was known as Reba Schappell. Â George’s birth name was actually Dori, and this name change is an interesting story in itself.
According to Wikipedia,
Born as Lori and Dori Schappell, the siblings are craniopagusÂ conjoined twins, joined at the head, but having very different personalities and living, insofar as possible, individual lives. As a mark of individuality, and disliking the fact that their names rhymed, Dori chose to go by the name Reba. By 2007 she preferred to be known as George.
You may wonder why I am discussing the Schappells. Â Wikipedia has some other interesting information, that I would like to better verify.
In 2006, George was baptized a member ofÂ the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in Reading, Pennsylvania. Lori did not join the LDS Church, but has been supportive of her brother’s decision. In 2007 George decided to openly acknowledge that he had from childhood identified as male rather than female, and to permanently change his name to reflect this preference.
Wikipedia has a reference to a Sept 13, 2012 article in The Sun, but it does not reference George’s conversion to the LDS Church. Â According to The Sun,
[George] says: â€œI have known from a very young age that I should have been a boy.
â€œI loved playing with trains and hated girly outfits. I kept my desire to change sex hidden â€” even from Lori â€” for many years.â€
George came clean about his desire four years ago. He changed his name from Dori and began living as a man.
He says: â€œIt was so tough, but I was getting older and I simply didnâ€™t want to live a lie. I knew I had to live my life the way I wanted.â€
George has not had a sex change, but dresses and introduces himself as a man.
The Sun also states that
Lori has dated men. She says: â€œI lost my virginity at the age of 23 to my second boyfriend.
â€œWhen I went on dates, George would bring along books to read and, as we donâ€™t face each other, he could ignore any kissing. I donâ€™t see why being a conjoined twin should stop me having a love life and feeling like a woman.â€
Five years ago Lori was engaged, but four months before the couple were due to marry, her fiancÃ© was killed by a drunk driver.
Lori says: â€œIt was devastating and my heart is broken.
I was also interested to learn the following, especially knowing that they share bloodÂ vesselsÂ in their brains.
George says: â€œItâ€™s the little things that intrigue people the most.
â€œI donâ€™t drink but Lori loves a vodka and orange occasionally. She can feel terrible with a hangover and Iâ€™ll feel absolutely fine as our bodies are completely separate.â€
If the Wikipedia article is accurate, then it is obvious that Lori participated in the ordinance despite lacking desire to join the LDS Church. Â George apparently obeys the Word of Wisdom and doesn’t get drunk despite Lori’s habits. Â Wow, this is such a strange life. Â My other thought is that the idea of conjoined twins also seems to make it clear to me that God does not seem to intervene in our lives nearly as much as some people attribute. Â Comments?